Botanical Inventory

The Phase 2 Vegetation survey has been ongoing since 2017 with the vast majority of plants identified. Groups that require further research are Grasses, Orchids & Bryophytes, the latter being rather complicated. The listings of plant species identified are grouped into complimentary categories by type & form & from A-Z, to allow easier access to specific species:

  • Trees & Shrubs. 28 species, 22 native, 1 naturalised, 5 non-native.

  • Sub-Shrubs

  • Climbers/Ramblers.

  • Herbaceous & Geophytes.

  • Succulents & Alpines.

  • Grasses & Sedges.

  • Orchids

  • Bryophytes (Lichens & Mosses).

If you would like to view a complete list of all species A-Z, please download the The Botanical Inventory (PDF).

Hover over each species item in the listings to access information and plant profile links in English & Italian. For further detail on species please see the corresponding pages: Species of High Ecological Value  -  Ethnobotanical Plants  -  Endangered & Endemic Plant Species  -  Characteristic Plants of Specific Habitats   -  Invasive & Non-Native Plant Populations.

Trees & Shrubs (Alberi & Arbusti) A-Z
Arbutus unedo
Strawberry Tree

Grows frequently as secondary canopy in Holm-Oak Forest & Macchia Calcarea. Native, with high ecological value & many ethnobotanical uses. IUCN (LC).

Aloe arborescens
Kranz Aloe

Non-native, introduced in samll numbers. No detrimental invasive effects. Many ethnobotanical uses, especially medicinally for burns/wounds.

Cistus creticus
ssp. corsicum
Hoary Rock-Rose

Native, not so common. Can be found in the Macchia Calcarea in clearings. Similar to C. cretcus ssp. ereocephalus. Pollinated by Bees. An essential oil can be derived with various uses. IUCN (NE).

Cistus monspeliensis
Montpellier Rock-Rose

The most common Cisto, grows in abundance in Genista Gariga & Arborescent Macchia. Native, good ecological value. IUCN (NE).

Cistus salvifolius
Sage Leaf Rock-Rose

Common. Native, good ecological value & ethnobotanical use. Grows alongside C. monpelliensis & as a main component in Cisto-Rosmarino Gariga. IUCN (NE).

Cytisus villosus 
Hairy Broom

Uncommon. Occasionally in the Macchia Calcarea/Arborescent Macchia & Holm-Oak Forest edges. Native, fixes nitrogen. Unknown ecological/ethobotanical data. IUCN (NE).

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Erica arborea
Tree Heather
Erica arborea
Tree Heather

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Erica multiflora
Mediterranean Heather
Erica multiflora
Mediterranean Heather

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Eucalyptus globulus
Tasmanian Blue Gum
Eucalyptus globulus
Tasmanian Blue Gum
Euphorbia dendroides
Tree Spurge

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Ficus carica
Fig Tree (Wild)

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Genista corsica
Corsican Ginestre

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Genista ephedroides
Ginestre

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Juniperus oxycedrus
ssp. macrocarpa
Ginepro Rosso

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Juniperus phoenicea
ssp. turbinata
Ginepro Fenicio

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Malva veneta
Venetian Mallow

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Myrtus communis
ssp. communis 
Common Myrtle

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Olea europaea
ssp. Oleaster
Wild Olive

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Opuntia ficus-indica
Prickly Pear

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Phillyrea angustifolia
Narrow-leaf Mock Privet

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Phillyrea latifolia
Mock Privet

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Pistacia lentiscus
Lentisco

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Pistacia terebinthus
Terebinth 

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Pittosporum tobira
Japanese Mock Orange

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Quercus ilex ssp. ilex
Holm Oak/Leccio

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Rhamnus alaternus
ssp. alaternus
Alaterno

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Rosmarinus officinalis
Wild Rosemary

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Ruta chalapensis
Fringed Rue

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