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Reptiles & Amphibians

The species listed are those included from the EUNIS & Natura 2000 factsheets together with evidence gathered from direct observations in the field. A profile is provided for each of the species listed.

 

1. Algyroides fitzingeri (Pygmy Algyroides)

TAXONOMY: Reptilia - Squamata - Lacertidae - Algyroides - A.fitzingeri.

COMMON NAME/S & SYNONYMS: Tyrrhenian algiroid, Pygmy algyroides, Fitzinger's algyroides, Pygmy Keeled Lizard, Notophilus fitzingeri, Lacerta fitzingeri, Algiroides fitzingeri, Algyroides fitzingeri.

CONSERVATION STATUS: IUCN Least Concern (LC), Endemic to Sardinia & Corsica. Relatively widespread in Sardinia but threatened in Corsica due to fires and the reduction of its habitat.

HABITAT: Macchia, Gariga, rocky areas, grassland, forests, pastureland. It prefers rocky environments from sea-level up to 1500m in altitude. Dry-stone walls, ruins, pastures rich in rocky outcrops & rocky environments near water courses & with abundant shrub vegetation.

DIET: Insects & other Invertebrates.

LIFECYCLE: To be added.

BEHAVIOUR: Said to be maybe the smallest lizard in the world ( Boulenger, 1920: 342), it's slower and less agile than the  other lizards. Being a diurnal animal, it is mostly active during the first half of the day. Being very sensible to temperature changes, its hibernation is quite long, from September to April. 

OBSERVATIONS: As recorded by previous EUNIS Survey, see the Natura 2000 Dataform

POPULATION: To be added.

LOCAL HABITAT ACTION PLAN: To be added.

2. Archeolacerta bedriagae (Bedriaga's Rock Lizard)

 

TAXONOMY: Reptilia - Squamata - Lacertidae - Archaeolacerta - A.bedriagae.

COMMON NAME/S & SYNONYMS: Bedriaga's Rock Lizard, 

CONSERVATION STATUS: IUCN Least Concern (LC), Endemic to Sardinia & Corsica.

HABITAT: Macchia, Gariga, rocky areas, grassland, forests, rivers, pastureland, rural gardens. 

DIET: Insects & other small Invertebrates. Unusually, they jump off the ground to catch flying Insects .

LIFECYCLE: To be added.

BEHAVIOUR: They can climb up vertical rocks, cliifs, walls and ruins.  They are also good swimmers, and can be observed  basking close to coastal rivers, they may try to escape by water if frightened.

OBSERVATIONS: As recorded by previous EUNIS Survey, see the Natura 2000 Dataform

POPULATION: To be added.

LOCAL HABITAT ACTION PLAN: To be added.

3. Bufotes Balearicus (Balearic Green Toad)

 

TAXONOMY: Amphibia - Anura - Bufonidae - Bufo - B.balearicus.

COMMON NAME/S & SYNONYMS: Balearic Green Toad, Bufo balearicus, Bufotes balearicus. 

CONSERVATION STATUS: IUCN Least Concern (LC).

HABITAT: Wide-ranging, across various temperature zones. Forests, Forest/Grassland, Macchia, Gariga, Semi-Deserts  & Deserts. More tolerant to dry conditions than many other amphibians. It inhabits both wet swampy areas & dry deserts of different types. In Forests they tend to inhabit open areas and Macchia/Gariga often far away from a body of water, in the drier southern parts of their range in they tend to live closer to water (lakeshores, irrigation ditches & oases). Spawning can occur in both fresh or saline water in a diverse range of waterbodies, usually no deeper than 0.5m, including ponds, swamps, lakes, stream & river-pools, resevoirs, ditches & puddles. 

DIET: A variety of Invertebrates, mainly Crickets, Meal Worms, small Butterflies, Earthworms, Moths, Beetles, Caterpillars. There has also been a reported attack on a Bat.

LIFECYCLE: To be added.

BEHAVIOUR: To be added.

OBSERVATIONS: As recorded by previous EUNIS Survey, see the Natura 2000 Dataform

POPULATION: To be added.

LOCAL HABITAT ACTION PLAN: To be added.

4. Chalcides ocellatus (Ocellated Skink)

 

To Be Certified
 

TAXONOMY: Reptilia - Squamata - Scincidae - Chalcides - C.ocellatus.
COMMON NAME/S & SYNONYMS: Ocellated Skink, Gongilo, Eyed Skink.

CONSERVATION STATUS: IUCN Near Threatened (NT).

HABITAT:  Found in a variety of habitats, Open Forest, Macchia, Gariga, Coastal Scub, rural farms & gardens.  

DIET: Various insects & arachnids, small lizards & even its own young. In captivity fruit, vegetable, eggs & meat.

LIFECYCLE: To be added.

BEHAVIOUR: They use open ground for basking & dense vegetation, rocks or woody debris for cover.

OBSERVATIONS: Multiple direct observations in coastal Macchia/Gariga  during Aestival 2018 (SLG1-TSG2). 

POPULATION: To be added.

LOCAL HABITAT ACTION PLAN: To be added.

5. Discoglossus sardus (Tyrrhenian Painted Frog)

 

TAXONOMY: Amphibia - Anura - Alytidae - Discoglossus - D.sardus.

COMMON NAME/S & SYNONYMS: Tyrrhenian Painted Frog.

CONSERVATION STATUS: IUCN Least Concern (LC). 

HABITAT: Endemic to Sardinia, Corsica & other Tyrrhenic islands & Tuscany. Its habitats are forest streams, Macchia, Gariga, coastal plains, marshes & rivers. Slow streams are used for breeding and it can tolerate slightly salty water.

DIET: Small invertebrates.

LIFECYCLE: To be added.

BEHAVIOUR: To be added.

OBSERVATIONS: As recorded by previous EUNIS Survey, see the Natura 2000 Dataform

POPULATION: To be added.

LOCAL HABITAT ACTION PLAN: To be added.

6. Emys orbicularis (European Pond Turtle)

 

To Be Certified

OBSERVATIONS: As recorded by previous survey (2014) undertaken by the Comune de Santa di Teresa Gallura, although not present on the up to date (May 2017 Natura 2000 Dataform.

7. Euleptes europaea (European Leaf-toed Ghecko)

 

TAXONOMY: Reptilia - Squamata - Sphaerodactylidae - Euleptes - E. europaea. 

COMMON NAME/S & SYNONYMS: European leaf-toed gecko.

CONSERVATION STATUS: IUCN Near-Threatened (NT).

HABITAT: Rocks, walls, boulders and crags, especially on granite, ruins and occasionally the trunks of trees. It is usually found at low levels but in warmer conditions may be found up to an altitude of about 1,500 metres (4,900 ft). It inhabits Sardinia, Corsica and other Mediterranean islands, certain locations in Tuscany and the southern coastal areas of France.

DIET: Insects and other small invertebrates.

LIFECYCLE: Between two and three years they reach maturity, and can live up to twenty years.

BEHAVIOUR: This gecko is agile and a very good jumper; often stalks its preys approaching them slowly and then taking a final leap. It's a mainly nocturnal animal, and during daytime it basks in the sun, camouflaging itself on top of the rocks or inside cracks (at sometimes very high animal densities). They hibernate during winter and start the mating rituals in spring, that normally end up with the layering of two eggs inside a rock's crack, that will hatch in two to three months. 

OBSERVATIONS: As recorded by previous EUNIS Survey. 

POPULATION: To be added.

LOCAL HABITAT ACTION PLAN: To be added.

8. Hierophis viridiflavus (Green Whip Snake)

 

TAXONOMY: Reptilia - Squamata - Colubridae - Hierophis - H. viridiflavus/H.viridiflavus carbonarius.

COMMON NAME/S & SYNONYMS: Green whip snake, western whip snake. 

CONSERVATION STATUS: IUCN Least Concern (LC).

HABITAT: Temperate forests, temperate shrubland, Mediterranean shrubland, Artificial/Terrestrial.

DIET: Lizards, skinks, frogs, mice, eggs and small birds.

LIFECYCLE: To be added.

BEHAVIOUR: It is a mostly diurnal species that hibernates during the winter. This snake is a very agile and fast climber and swimmer. If attacked, its first reaction would be a very fast escape towards a safe refuge, if unable do it, it doesn't hesitate to bite numerous times. Its bite is not venomous, but there is a reported case of a sustained 5-minutes bite that produced suspect syntoms and neuromotor problems to the subject.

OBSERVATIONS: As recorded by previous EUNIS Survey. 

POPULATION: To be added.

LOCAL HABITAT ACTION PLAN: To be added.

9. Hyla Sarda (Sardinian Tree-Frog)

 

TAXONOMY: Amphibia - Anura - Hylidae - Hyla - H.sarda.

COMMON NAME/S & SYNONYMS: Sardinian tree frog.

CONSERVATION STATUS: IUCN Least Concern (LC).

HABITAT: Endemic to Sardinia, Corsica and the Tuscan islands. It inhabits forests, wetlands (inland), shrublands, artificial/terrestrial.

DIET: Insects.

LIFECYCLE: To be added.

BEHAVIOUR: To be added.

OBSERVATIONS: As recorded by previous EUNIS Survey. 

POPULATION: To be added.

LOCAL HABITAT ACTION PLAN: To be added.

10. Podarcis siculus (Italian Wall-Lizard)

TAXONOMY: Reptilia - Squamata - Lacertidaes - Podarcis - P.siculus.

COMMON NAME/S & SYNONYMS: Italian Wall Lizard.

CONSERVATION STATUS: IUCN Least Concern (LC).

HABITAT: Rocky areas, Forest, Grassland, Shrubland, Artificial/Terrestrial.

DIET: Invertebrates, occasionally ripe fruits and young lizards of the same species.

LIFECYCLE: They normally live around ten years.

BEHAVIOUR: It's a diurnal animal. It is able to swim, though it avoides water. At the sight of a danger, they normally quickly escape, in the human-inhabited areas they become more trusting. If captured, it can recur to the autotony and loose its tail. Males are territorial and usual to fight between each other.

OBSERVATIONS: As recorded by previous EUNIS Survey. 

POPULATION: To be added.

LOCAL HABITAT ACTION PLAN: To be added.

11. Podarcis siculus f.melanica (Black Italian Wall-Lizard)

 

To Be Certified

TAXONOMY: Reptilia - Squamata - Lacertidae - 

COMMON NAME/S & SYNONYMS

CONSERVATION STATUS

HABITAT

DIET: To be added.

LIFECYCLE: To be added.

BEHAVIOUR: To be added.

OBSERVATIONS: As recorded by previous EUNIS Survey. 

POPULATION: To be added.

LOCAL HABITAT ACTION PLAN: To be added.

12. Podarcis tiliguerta (Tyrrhenian Wall-Lizard)

 

TAXONOMY: Reptilia - Squamata - Lacertidae - Podarcis - P. tiliguerta.

COMMON NAME/S & SYNONYMS: Tyrrhenian Wall Lizard.

CONSERVATION STATUS: IUCN Least Concern (LC).

HABITAT: Endemic to Sardinia and Corsica. It inhabits Shrubland, Artificial/Terrestrial, Rocky Areas, Grassland.

DIET: Insects and other arthropodes, oc.

LIFECYCLE: To be added.

BEHAVIOUR: To be added.

OBSERVATIONS: As recorded by previous EUNIS Survey. 

POPULATION: To be added.

LOCAL HABITAT ACTION PLAN: To be added.

13. Tarentola mauritanica (Moorish Ghecko)

 

TAXONOMY: Reptilia - Squamata - 

COMMON NAME/S & SYNONYMS

CONSERVATION STATUS

HABITAT

DIET: To be added.

LIFECYCLE: To be added.

BEHAVIOUR: To be added.

OBSERVATIONS: As recorded by previous EUNIS Survey. 

POPULATION: To be added.

LOCAL HABITAT ACTION PLAN: To be added.

14. Testudo marginata (Marginated Tortoise)

 

TAXONOMY: Reptilia - 

COMMON NAME/S & SYNONYMS

CONSERVATION STATUS

HABITAT

DIET: To be added.

LIFECYCLE: To be added.

BEHAVIOUR: To be added.

OBSERVATIONS: As recorded by previous EUNIS Survey. 

POPULATION: To be added.

LOCAL HABITAT ACTION PLAN: To be added.

15. Testudo graeca (Greek Tortoise)

To Be Certified